In the age of ProTools and digital recording, the art behind making and recording records has changed considerably. For example, today when a producer needs a certain embellishment or accoutrements that the band itself may not be able to provide, he can simply open a pre-made sound file or use a computer to create the sound effect. Yesterday, however, those flourishes (and often times, the entire song or album) were provided by session musicians, hired to perform either a small bit part or to help complete the entire project. These musicians were rarely considered part of the band and, until the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, only got paid for services rendered.
Most session musicians never became famous or held the limelight, though there have been a few who went on to bigger, more famous careers: Phil Collins began as a session drummer; Duane Allman, Glen Campbell and Jimi Hendrix were all session guitarists; Billy Preston on keys; and of course, some of the well known groups such as Booker T. & the MGs (Stax Records house band), the Wrecking Crew (an LA group associated with Phil Spector), the Funk Brothers (Motowns session group), and the previously mentioned Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section (one of Jerry Wexlers personal favorite groups and the first session group to earn points on every record they worked on). The Kinks Ray Davies said, Session players are for the most part, anonymous shadows behind the stars. They do their job for a fee and then leave, rarely seeing their names on the records. Their playing never stands out, but if you take them out of the mix, the track doesnt sound the same. You only miss them when they are not there. The personification of that quote might best be found in session pianist Nicky Hopkins.
Over the course of a 30 year career in the music industry, Nicky Hopkins’ piano can be heard on countless albums by legends of rock, jazz and folk. Within five years of becoming a session musician he had already played on albums by British Invasion acts like the Who, the Kinks, the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. Never showing ego and always able to deliver what was asked of him, Hopkins became one of the most prolific artists in contemporary music. According to Bill Wyman of the Rolling Stones, Hopkins was both the most sought after keyboard session man in rock and the greatest rock and roll piano player in the world.
Hopkins was born in the winter of 1944 during the London Air Raids. From an early age he showed musical talent; however, as a student, he proved a bit less gifted. With the help of a tutor, Hopkins managed to receive a scholarship to the prestigious Royal Academy of Music in London. Though classically trained at the Academy, it was his discovery of rock and roll, Chuck Berry in particular, that led him to develop his own sense and style of boogie technique. Bandmate and childhood friend Carlo Little said, When I played him Chuck Berry records, Nicky just duplicated the piano playing. It was astonishing!
In February 1960, Hopkins dropped out of the Royal Academy to form The Savages with Little and a couple of other guys from the neighborhood. Playing R&B and rock and roll, the Savages made a local name for themselves. Little even drummed for the Rolling Stones pre-Charlie Watts and unknowingly became the first of many links that Hopkins would have with the Stones. The Savages eventually merged with another big UK rock act Dave Screaming Lord Sutch to become Screaming Lord Sutch and the Savages, which also featured Deep Purple co-founder Ritchie Blackmore (Hopkins would play with Blackmore again in 1966 in two short lived bands The Lancasters and the Outlaws.) Hopkins apprenticeship with Sutch lasted from 1961 thru 1962.
Hopkins left the Savages in early 1962, following the bands guitarist Bernie Watson to Hamburg, Germany. Watson had been invited to play guitar for Cliff Bennett and his Rebel Rousers and Hopkins went along for the ride. Within a few weeks, Bennett fired Watson for being difficult to work with. Hopkins quit out of loyalty to Watson and the two returned to London in June 1962. While serving under Bennett, this group became the first band signed by the Beatles manager Brian Epstein. Hopkins would eventually record with the Beatles on a single version of Revolution.
In November 1962, Hopkins and Watson hooked up with legendary bluesman Cyril Davies. Davies had just formed a new band after leaving Alexis Korners Blues Incorporated. Taking the majority of the band members from Screaming Lord Sutch and the Savages, Davies formed Cyril Davies & the Allstars (aka Cyril Davies & his Rhythm and Blues Allstars). With a residency at the famed Marquee Club, the band would have sellout performances, packing the house once, sometimes twice, a week and even had a young Rolling Stones open for them on many occasions. The band was together for 13 months and in that time released their seminal recording Country Line Special/Chicago Calling and a follow up single Preachin the Blues b/w Sweet Mary. In May 1963, Hopkins had to quit the band due to medical issues. Eventually, the band disbanded in July 1963 when Cyril Davies own health began to fade. Davies eventually lost his battle to leukemia in January 1964.
Hopkins career was put on hold in May 1963 when he entered the hospital for a series of operations. During the 18 months he was hospitalized, Hopkins lost a gall bladder and his left kidney as well as suffering a collapsed lung. To add further insult to injury, he also suffered from emotional problems and severe exhaustion. Hopkins had been plagued by illness (later diagnosed as Crohns disease) ever since childhood. His medical condition and ongoing hospitalizations effectively prevented him from being a touring musician full time. Undeterred, Hopkins focused his abilities as a studio musician.
When Hopkins re-emerged in 1965, he quietly entered the London session world. He began his career as a session player for UK independent producers Shel Talmy (The Who and the Kinks) and Mickie Most (Animals and the Jeff Beck Group). One of Hopkins first sessions was for the Whos second single Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere. He would also add piano on their debut album My Generation and later Who albums Whos Next (1971) and The Who By Numbers (1975). While recording Tommy in 1969, Hopkins was unavailable for studio work with the band at the time. Pete Townsend was left to fill the role and in a moment of frustration while struggling at the piano Townsend was heard crying out Oh, for Nicky Hopkins.
The Kinks too had used piano to help build their sound especially on early hits like You Really Got Me and All Day and All of the Night. By the time the band was set to record their third album The Kinks Kontroversy, producer Talmy suggested using a piano player who could do more than just fill in with background chords and actually contribute to the process. After work on The Kinks Kontroversy and playing a few BBC gigs with the band, Hopkins also did work on the Kinks superior follow up album,Face to Face (1966). He plays on at least a third of the album, including Session Man, a song partly inspired by Hopkins himself. During the recording of this track, producer Talmy suggested that Hopkins throw in something classy at the beginning, to which Hopkins responded with a classical style harpsichord. On their 1967 album Something Else By the Kinks, Hopkins contributes funky blues rock via a Hammond B-3 organ as well as fiery barrelhouse piano riffs to give the Kinks a genuine soulfulness to their music, especially on songs like Something Vacant.
In between Kinks sessions, Shel Talmy convinced Hopkins to record a solo album. His 1966 solo debut The Revolutionary Piano of Nicky Hopkins was a collection of instrumental and easy listening arrangements of standards. An album full of MOR arrangements, wordless backup vocals and lite orchestration, this album certainly did very little to pull Hopkins out of the studio into a successful solo career. In fact, critic Rich Unterberger suggested the album would have been better served with the title The Counter-Revolutionary Piano of Nicky Hopkins.
In September 1966, a bit of rock history was made when Hopkins attended a studio session at the invitation of Yardbird Jimmy Page. Sitting in on the recording for the soundtrack to the film Mord and Totschlag (A Degree of Murder), it was here that Hopkins first met Rolling Stones founder Brian Jones. Jones had written all the music for the soundtrack and after meeting and hearing Hopkins was so impressed with the virtuoso pianist that Jones suggested him to Andrew Oldham (the Stones manager) and bandmates Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. The group immediately asked Hopkins to come and record with them. That December Hopkins did his first work with the Rolling Stones, recording the song Something Happened To Me Yesterday and adding piano overdubs on the album Between the Buttons. Hopkins work here served to further impress Oldham, who was also acting as producer, and Glyn Johns, the Stones sound engineer.
In the spring of 1967, Jimmy Page invited Hopkins to record on some songs for the next Yardbirds album Little Game. Hopkins contributed to the tracks I Remember the Night, Stealing, Stealing, and Smile On Me. During these sessions, Hopkins made his impression on yet another member of the Rolling Stones, founding member and pianist, Ian Stewart, who contributed to Drinking Muddy Waters.
The next month saw Hopkins back in the studio with the Rolling Stones to record Shes a Rainbow (with string arrangements by John Paul Jones), the first single from their album Their Satanic Majesties Request. Sessions for the album began in June 1967 with Hopkins performing on all the songs from the album. During these sessions Hopkins also contributed to the non album single We Love You, a song written by Jagger after his and Richards arrest from an alleged framed drug bust. We Love You also features background vocals provided by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who were returning the favor of Jagger and Richards contributing singing on the Beatles single All You Need Is Love. It was from this interaction that the two Beatles invited Hopkins to play on the single version of Revolution.
That August Hopkins recorded the singles Come Home and Working In a Coalmine with Rod Stewart and P.P. Arnold. The session was produced by Jagger and featured Richards on guitar and drummer Mickey Waller, who along with Stewart would become bandmates with Hopkins in the Jeff Beck Group.
Following in September, Stones bassist Bill Wyman asked Hopkins to record with the band The End, whose album Instrospection Wyman was producing. Hopkins contributed piano to the single Loving, Sacred Loving. He also recorded the songs Own Up and Thats All with Twice as Much, a project featuring Jimmy Page and John McLaughlin among others, however, on the final cuts of those two tracks, pianist Dave Skinner was featured instead of Hopkins.
1967 also had Hopkins record with T. Rexs Marc Bolan on the single Jaspar C. Debussy and contribute to early David Bowie sessions that also featured Jimmy Page. The Bolan track wasnt released until 1974 and the Bowie tracks did not get released until 1994! In early December 1967, Hopkins recorded his first sessions with the Jeff Beck Group resulting in the single Ive Been Drinking. Effectively joining the band as a guest member, Hopkins played alongside Rod Stewart and future Rolling Stones guitarist Ron Wood on bass. Hopkins piano is heard all over the Jeff Beck Groups first two albums Truth and Beck-Ola.
1968 was a heavy year for Hopkins, recording with Robert Fripp of King Crimson on the album The Cheerful Insanity of Giles, Giles and Fripp, with Duncan Browne on Give Me Take You, as well as with the Beatles on Revolution and unconfirmed, but rumored, unreleased takes from The White Album. In May, Hopkins did double duty in the studio, finishing up the Rolling Stones Beggars Banquet while beginning Becks Truth album. Hopkins plays on all the songs on Beggars Banquet including adding vocals alongside Marianne Faithful on Sympathy for the Devil and is credited on the back of the album with the dedication We are deeply indebted to Nicky Hopkins and to many friends.
Whether he was burned out from a relentless schedule or whether he was seeking the stability of a cohesive unit, Hopkins decided to join a band again. At this point he was invited by two former Yardbirds to their respective projects. Jimmy Page had invited Hopkins (as well as John Paul Jones) to play in his new band the New Yardbirds (the name Page used prior to calling the band Led Zeppelin) and Jeff Beck had asked Hopkins to officially join his group (which he did in October after serving five months as a guest of the band). Why Hopkins chose Beck over Page no one will ever know. It might have been as silly as not liking the name the New Yardbirds. Regardless of the reason, Hopkins opting out of Pages group forced Page to abandon having a piano as a core piece to his group, and as a result any piano work would then be done by Jones or Page himself.
Hopkins toured with the Jeff Beck Group on their inaugural US tour from June to August 1968. He opted out of the Scandinavian tour and rejoined the band on the second US leg of the tour that fall. When he rejoined the tour in October, Beck had made Hopkins an official member of the band. During this second stretch, the band recorded the single Sweet Little Angel, however the song would not get a release until 2004 when it was added as a bonus track to the deluxe reissue of Beck-Ola. While touring with Beck, Hopkins met and recorded with Frank Zappa in LA and managed to meet Steve Miller, eventually playing on his bands albums Brave New World (1968) and Your Saving Grace (1969). During his visit to California, Hopkins fell in love with the west coast lifestyle. I had to go back to do the Rolling Stones TV Circus thing, but I really loved it here and didnt want to leave Hopkins later said in a Rolling Stone interview.
If Hopkins thought joining a band would make things less stressful and a bit easier on him, he was wrong. The year began with the Beck-Ola sessions and immediately merged into the Rolling Stones Let It Bleed sessions in February. March saw the third US tour for the Jeff Beck Group and April had the band finishing up Beck-Ola. The remainder of the spring and into early summer had Hopkins helping finish Let It Bleed. In between all this studio work, Beck managed to squeeze in a short tour of the US during May and upon finishing, Hopkins immediately went back to the studio to record with Donovan Leitch.
Whether it was the stress of working with Beck or the constant touring and session work, the push and pull over the Atlantic or probably just a desire to rest a bit, Hopkins quit the Jeff Beck Group in 1969. While on their many tours Hopkins had met members of various California groups like the Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service and the aforementioned Steve Miller Band. After leaving the Beck Group, Hopkins relocated to San Francisco.
As a member of the NoCal community, Hopkins helped to contribute and define the San Francisco Sound. He recorded with the Jefferson Airplane on classics like Volunteers as well as playing on stage with them at the Woodstock Festival. He contributed to works by New Riders of the Purple Sage as well as becoming a member for a short time with Quicksilver Messenger Service releasing Shady Grove and the amazing song Edward the Mad Shirt Grinder. Hopkins’ addition to Quicksilver enhanced the already strong classical inclinations that the band featured and on this instrumental piece both the band and Hopkins demonstrate their instrumental prowess and virtuosity. The piano lines and arrangements for the song were all thought up entirely on the spot during the session. It was also Hopkins performance on this track that garnered him the nickname Edward (as on the Rolling Stones side project release Jamming With Edward).
Jamming With Edward is the result of a few members of the Stones (Jagger, Watts and Wyman), Ry Cooder and Nicky Hopkins sitting around in a London studio working on the Let It Bleed sessions waiting for Keith Richards to get out of bed. The musicians began to play some improvised jams lead by Hopkins while the tape ran and the results are a pretty decent listen and a notable side piece to the Stones catalog.
One of the final projects Hopkins participated in during the 60s was a short lived group he formed called Sweet Thursday. Featuring other session players like Jon Marks and Alun Davies (who arranged for Cat Stevens), the band was a success in the UK but disbanded shortly after recording their self titled debut. Despite the bands initial success, their label in America, Tetragammaton Records, declared bankruptcy on the same day as the albums release effectively killing any tour or promotion for the album.
Its been said that hardly a week went by between 1965 and 1968 that there wasnt record released that featured Nicky Hopkins playing. The prolific sideman continued his work into the ’70s, even releasing a second solo album with 1973s The Tin Man Was a Dreamer. Described as Elton John with few rough edges and less ego, Tin Man was a solid collection of pop rock. It featured George Harrison cresdited as George OHara on four tracks as well as Mick Taylor on an additional four tracks. Hopkins also included the semi autobiographical tunes Edward and Dolly, named for his wife Lindas nickname. This album also features the rare opportunity to hear Hopkins sing.
His third solo released in 1975, No More Changes, also features Hopkins singing and though did not sell very well is considered by some to be his finest solo release. His fourth album Long Journey Home has never been released and three soundtracks he worked on in the ’90s (The Fugitive, Patio, and Namiki Family) were released in Japan between 1992 and 1993. Ray Davies once said that though Hopkins made a few solo records, they never seemed to properly capture his spirit.
Hopkins remained very busy and active throughout the ’70s, ’80s, and into the early ’90s. Hopkins was one of the first musicians to record with all four Beatles after the bands breakup including John Lennons Imagine and Walls & Bridges, Harrisons Living In the Material World, and Ringo Starrs Ringo and Goodnight Vienna (He would have to wait until the 80s to work with McCartney again). Also during the ’70s he worked with Harry Nilsson on his classic 1972 album Son of Schmilsson and Jerry Garcias Reflections among countless other artists. In the ’80s, Hopkins arranged the Willie Nelson/Julio Iglesias hit To All the Girls Ive Loved Before as well as playing on a couple tracks by Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard The Mining Song and The Banker. Hopkins continued to work with the Stones, The Who and the Kinks well into the ’80s. In fact Hopkins was on every Stones album (and many of their solo side projects) from 1965 through the early ’90s. His work with the Stones is perhaps his most important and most famous contribution to rock and roll. He also found himself working with Dusty Springfield and Ringo Starr again as well as Art Garfunkel, Joe Walsh and a long time idol, Fats Domino, just to name a few. The few years he recorded in the 90s included the Jayhawks Hollywood Town Hall, Spinal Taps sequel album Break Like the Wind, Joe Satrianis Extremist, and Matthew Sweets Altered Beast.
One of Hopkins biggest complaints throughout his career was his lack of royalties from any of the sessions he worked on. Because he was considered a hired hand at these sessions, he was only paid for what he put in, like the majority of session players. Quicksilver Messenger Service was the only group to give Hopkins any stake in the band. Its a shame that he didnt learn from the boys in Muscle Shoals. Imagine the royalty checks he would have received from the Stones catalog (as Muscle Shoals did for their work on the Sticky Fingers tracks Brown Sugar, Wild Horses, and You Gotta Move) This situation also begs the question that if Jagger and the boys felt so strongly about Hopkins why didnt they fight for him just a little? Or for that matter, any of the groups that profited from Hopkins contributions.
Unlike musicians of lower caliber, Hopkins never showed off or tried to show up the bands. He played only when necessary and when asked. He never tried to force suggestions upon the production but had the ability to place the right note at the right place at the right time. He could add that little embellishment in such a way that was almost signature and wrap notes around songs without intruding upon them. Though it seems Hopkins was unfairly destined to remain a side man his entire life, the catalog of music that Hopkins touched or influenced is immeasurable and his legend is further solidified by critic Dave Marshs statement Nicky Hopkins was thee most important rock and roll session musician ever. After battling most of his life against Crohns disease and combined with the side effects of a rock and roll lifestyle he indulged in during the ’70s, coupled with the many emotional and physical issues he faced, Nicky Hopkins died in September 1994. He was 50-years-old.
The Rolling Stones - Beggars Banquet
Jeff Beck Group - Beck-Ola
Nicky Hopkins - The Tin Man Was a Dreamer
Nicky Hopkins/Rolling Stones - Jamming with Edward
The Who - Whos Next
Quicksilver Messenger Service - Shady Grove
The Kinks – Sunny Afternoon, Days
The Rolling Stones – We Love You, Sympathy for the Devil
John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band – Happy Christmas/War Is Over
Julio Iglesias/Willie Nelson – To All the Girls Ive Loved Before