“No One’s Ever Been Able to Do This”: An Oral History of the First Governors Ball Music Festival

As NYC’s biggest festival turns 10, we take a look back at the inaugural 2011 event

Artwork by Steven Fiche

    As the Governors Ball Music Festival turns 10, we’re taking a look back at the inaugural 2011 event. You can check out everything we’ve published around the anniversary here.

    One decade ago, a couple of untested twenty-something best friends set out to create a little music festival just off the island of Manhattan, putting on a one-day event on June 18th, 2011. In the 10 years and nine iterations since, Governors Ball has become an indelible part of the East Coast’s music landscape, morphing into New York’s answer to Coachella, Bonnaroo, and Lollapalooza; a place where the buzziest acts in music and its biggest fans converge into one memorable weekend. Here, founders, staff, and artists who played the very first Governors Ball reflect on how everything came together without nary a hiccup. This is the oral history of the first Governors Ball Music Festival.


    It all begins with two best friends with a dream: Tom Russell and Jordan Wolowitz.

    Tom Russell: Jordan and I knew each other from high school. We’ve been best friends since sophomore year.


    Jordan Wolowitz: I was working for Marsha Valasic, a legend in music at ICM. Tom was at Superfly.

    Russell: I had been with Superfly in 2010 since 2005. Jordan was at ICM. At Superfly, I was overseeing operations and product management, and working on festivals like Bonnaroo and Outside Lands. I had the operational knowledge of festivals and large scale events and Jordan over at ICM had knowledge on all things talent.

    Wolowitz: In 2010, a friend of mine was starting a website [] and he wanted to throw a big concert to promote his brand. So I went to Tom, my best friend, to help plan it. We rented out New York’s Terminal 5. I booked a great little bill with some artists around our age, including Pretty Lights. The show ultimately sold out, and that helped us gain a good relationship with the Pretty Lights team. Eventually, they were looking for their next show in New York. That’s when Tom and I were starting to get the idea for Governors Ball.


    Russell: We saw it was a unique time in the music industry, when all of these festivals were becoming an important part of the cultural landscape. Meanwhile, New York City, our hometown, didn’t have one. So we decided to do our very best and launch one. We spent 2010 trying to figure out how to make that happen while also doing our full-time jobs. Once we knew we were a go, we quit our jobs in December 2010.

    Eventually, the ragtag duo zeroed in on the 172-acre Governors Island. Located just 800 yards south of Lower Manhattan and only accessible by ferry, the island’s unique apostrophe-less moniker dates back to the British colonial era. The US Army were its main inhabitants in the first half of the 1900s, while the Coast Guard took up residency in the latter half, resulting in plenty of infrastructure being left in place. While a casino was mulled over in the ’90s, it became public property in 2003.

    Russell: By the summer of 2010, there were a ton of events on Governors Island. Bowery Presents had some success booking some events there, and it became another great outdoor venue. We went and saw the Rock the Bells festival and knew it’d be a great location for what would become Governors Ball. We ended up working with a production company who had worked with those concerts. We were in a bit of a time crunch, so we wanted to do whatever we could to get the greenlight on Governors Island. We went to a production team who knew Governors Island the best.


    Wolowitz: I think Girl Talk was the next phone call I made, to [agent] Sam Hunt, and we just built out this lineup from there.

    Alan Palomo (Neon Indian, performer): I can’t recall the first time I heard about it, but if I had to take a wild guess, my manager asked me, “Hey, do you want to play a fun show in New York?” and my immediate answer would have been, “Yes!”


    A roster slowly began to coalesce, with the team recruiting a group of rising artists bubbling just under the mainstream.

    Wolowitz: We were 26 and somehow had the foresight that we had nothing to lose. We were young, had no money [personally], and no one relying on us in our personal lives. So it was the right time to do it.

    Josh Guss (Box office manager, designer): Originally it was Tom, Jordan, and Yoni Riesman. I grew up with Yoni, he was a childhood friend in Atlanta. I was very close with him and I knew Tom and Jordan. When it came up they were doing a website and needed design help, that’s when I initially [joined the team]. So they asked me to come up to New York to help out with design and website stuff. I was living in Atlanta at the time.


    Wolowitz: We started the festival on such a small level that we really didn’t get too much pushback. It was mostly people joking with us, saying, “Good luck, haha. No one’s ever been able to do this.” But if you look at the lineup from that first year, a lot of the artists were either around our age, or just a little bit younger or older. Our three headliners were Girl Talk, Pretty Lights, and Empire of the Sun. We also had a very young artist named Mac Miller.

    We didn’t go that big at all that first year. We saw around that time that a lot of festivals were trying to [do that]. I guess we were responsible in a way, where we didn’t go too big with talent. Our capacity was 20,000 instead of the usual 50 or 60,000. So we didn’t get too much criticism going into it. Additionally, we were working with young agents, as well in terms of [now-top UTA agent] Jbeau Lewis, who gave us Empire of the Sun.

    Guss: I wasn’t in a position to invest, but even if I was, the idea of doing a one day event in New York City [was risky]. It was like, who knows how this is gonna turn out? But I was happy to support and be hired to help and go from there.


    Wolowitz: Compared to other festivals that had crashed down, whether Fyre or Woodstock, this wasn’t nearly as expensive. Our headliners were making, in hindsight, nothing like the headliners who got booked for the big festivals that start out. It was on a totally separate playing field.

    Luke Steele (Empire of the Sun, performer): For me, 2011 was an incredible time. A few years earlier I got married and the week the Empire record dropped [2008’s Walking on a Dream], my daughter was born, and it was like a blessing for the album. It was a moment that changed my life forever. After that, we toured the whole world, and Governors Ball was one of the highlights. Doing these ginormous festivals and living that childhood dream: I was in a band that plays on stages all over the world.

    Gregg Gillis (Girl Talk, performer): 2011 was an extremely busy year for me — I was playing a lot of festivals and shows. At that point in my life, I was living in Pittsburgh, but all of my friends were living in New York. So after a whirlwind year, I thought it’d be fun to go to New York, play a show, and hang out with a bunch of people I came up with.


    Palomo: In 2010, I was finishing our second record and was just back from Helsinki. At the time it was a sensation of anxiousness of getting a sophomore record out. Back then there was this idea of the elusive sophomore record. There’s this thing where you hit a little bit of a slump, so I was trying to combat that as voraciously as I could and just put in the hours to try to make that record sick. Thankfully, I got songs like “Polish Girl” out of it.

    The only thing missing was a name.

    Russell: The name was completely crowd-sourced.

    Guss: I think one of the names that was first thrown around was Kick Step.

    Russell: We sent an email out to dozens of friends asking them to give us some ideas. As soon as we saw “Governors Ball,” we knew that was the winner.

    Tickets became available on February 24th, 2011 and started at $75. Billed as “a massive midsummer dance party of epic proportions,” as Gothamist presciently noted, “This summer marks the first in what is hopefully an annual event dubbed the Governors Ball.”


    Russell: Our hope the first year was to not lose money. When you’re planning a first year event, you start with a budget but as you get closer and closer you realize how off-base it was. As it got closer, we saw our expenses getting larger, but once we got to May, we knew we were going to be in the black. At that point, our focus shifted from financial to execution. There were so many unknowns and we wanted to make sure we nailed it.

    Guss: At some point, they realized they needed someone to run the box office. It was one of those first-year event decisions and a lot could be improved on, I guess. They asked if I would do box office and credentials. I said sure, but I didn’t have any idea what that entailed, so that’s how I wound up getting thrown into that world during that event.

    Russell: At one point the week of the show, our ticket sales were so much stronger than we had anticipated that we had to get approval from Governors Island to sell more tickets. That was a stressful conversation, but we were lucky enough to get a greenlight for that. Another issue was credentials — there were a lot of late nights in our apartments and bedrooms trying to pack credentials for artists, guests, patrons. It was truly a family operation.


    I remember we started loading in the show the Monday before. We had five full days to build the festival and had done a number of site visits leading to the event. Governors Island is not open [all] year, and the area where we did the festival was not open at all. So we didn’t actually see the venue very closely in advance of the event. That Monday was our first time there [aside from seeing events in the past]. But Governors Island is tricky and there are only so many ferries that can service the island, especially larger ones bringing over production equipment.

    Governors Ball Lineup Poster

    Original Governors Ball lineup poster

    With a sunny forecast on their side, everything was in place.

    Russell: The night before the festival, there was no sleep to be had. We were on the island until the very last ferry left, which was around 2:00 a.m. There was seemingly an insurmountable list of things that needed to be done before doors at noon the next day. Everyone was hunkered down in the trailer, tending to everything that needed to get done.


    The weather forecast was good and people were really excited. Everything seemingly was coming together at the last moment and we were all trying to make it through. Everybody was so tired and so overworked and using the excitement as motivation and energy to get us through. I think it was just pure adrenaline that got us over the finish line…


    On that Saturday as the sun dawned on New York City, the staffers, revelers, and performers alike began to make their way to the island.

    Steele: I always loved the electricity of New York when I’d tour there with my earlier bands, like Sleepy Jackson, and being a young 20-year-old and feeling the electricity of the giant around you. I remember Governors Ball clearly. You feel that electricity that flows from such a big city. You don’t just have [one] audience, you have all types. It’s hard to kind of explain that inner-excitement, doing these shows at the foot of a giant.

    Wolowitz: Somehow I remember every set of that first show.

    Gillis: I remember it was an awesome day; really fun with a good atmosphere. I think I rode the ferry over with Big Boi because one guy on my crew was running late, and I felt bad since we all had to wait for him.


    Russell: During the festival, I was walking around with a backpack full of cash. We didn’t have a safe on site and I didn’t trust anyone else to have it.

    Palomo: I remember [my visual collaborator Johnny and I] wanted some video synthesizer visuals. At the time, we were very much in our first record era, and I wanted to kind of step it up and put more production into the show. We wanted to figure out how to project some imagery, so we kind of ran around New York all morning hunting for pawn shop TVs. We thought we could stack a bunch of them and composite a larger image.

    It wasn’t until we got there that there was already a video wall we could plug into. So the whole morning was kind of for naught. We ended up just sort of littering them around the stage and letting the static run. But it being a daytime show, it felt more like a garage sale than a light show. But it was fun. I trashed one of them on stage! It was a blast.


    Guss: Working at the box office was a shit show. For most patrons, there were no issues; they bought their tickets in advance and had their wristbands. The craziness was all of the press and media passes, all of the people who were entitled to not wait in line, have their passes and credentials. Sometimes they wanted it to be a better pass than it was, or what have you. I hadn’t really been in that world.

    Leading up to show day, I was literally going through an Excel spreadsheet of different passes, putting them in manilla envelopes and handwriting everyone’s names on them. That quickly fell apart by way of human error or miscommunication; some packages were wrong or they were supposed to be six passes and there were only two, or there was this pass and it should have been that pass.

    It got to a point where we just started opening up certain packages and pulling bands. Our idea of, “They’ll give their name, we’ll pull their envelope and we’ll be good,” didn’t really work out. At some point, one of my friends who worked at SuperFly for years and came to see the festival felt bad, and stepped in to help me figure it out.


    Governors Ball

    Atmosphere at Governors Ball in 2011 (Alex “AROC” Rochestie/TV Free Media & Founders Entertainment)

    One notable performer on the roster was a then-19-year-old rising Pittsburgh rapper named Mac Miller.

    Wolowitz: It was right when Mac was starting to blow up.

    Russell: His Kids mixtape had come out and we used to crank that album all the fucking time at extraordinary volumes. To hear him come out and play songs from that was incredible.


    Gillis: I remember seeing Mac Miller that day and talking to his DJ, Clockwork, who I knew, backstage.

    Wolowitz: His set had as many people as the headliners that night. I was watching it thinking, “Wow, this is going to be a very important artist.” There were great sets from Miami Horror, Big Boi from Outkast, and then we got up to Empire of the Sun, Girl Talk, and Pretty Lights. Standing on the stage during those sets, I was just thinking “Holy shit, there’s a lot of people here.”

    Mac Miller

    Mac Miller performs at Governors Ball in 2011 (Taylor Hill/FilmMagic)


    Steele: Empire of the Sun’s set that first year was the first incarnation of the show we built. It was all surrounded around the first record and was quite ad hoc. The show at the time has since become more streamlined, but what was exciting is that before Empire had even done shows, we had talked in interviews about having this whole world [depicted for our live events]. When it came time to do these festivals, we had to live up to that. I was looking at some old footage and a lot of the dancer’s wardrobe came from my wife and a wardrobe assistant. We’d be in a Manhattan hotel finishing things off. It was quite odd, fresh and wild.

    Palomo: [The producers] very wisely didn’t bite off more than they can chew. Now, you’d call it a boutique festival. It felt more like a party rather than a full-on fest. A festival can be pretty overwhelming. You go somewhere like Lollapalooza — they get you into your green room two hours before your set, and as soon as you’re done playing, they want you out. They have 20 more bands they have to vouch for on that stage alone. But Governors Ball felt more like a hang. We played relatively early and once we packed our things up, we were free to hang out and just check out some of the bands.

    Steele: For a festival, as opposed to an indoor venue, you have to paint with a broader brush stroke. It’s like surfing in a wave pool compared to surfing in the ocean. The elements of nature just change so much more. You get wind that blows into the microphone, the electricity is different outside and things are contained indoors. That’s why people love festivals so much; it’s such a wild energy. When you finish a song, you hear a band on the other side of the stage.


    Empire of the Sun

    Empire of the Sun performs at Governors Ball in 2011 (Alex “AROC” Rochestie/TV Free Media & Founders Entertainment)

    Russell: For Girl Talk, I was on stage during that set with 150 other people and I was so nervous that there were too many people on the stage. I remember looking at the security guards, just trying to read their faces to [make sure they thought] what was happening was safe. It wound up being an amazing set.

    Gillis: I remember playing second-to-last, before Pretty Lights, and it felt like a celebratory moment to be able to be at the top of the bill of a festival of that size. I’ve gotten to love playing festivals, it’s just fun. You’re outside. I love walking around and catching other acts. It’s fun and social. Whereas at a venue, I’m usually sitting by myself in a room all day and then you go out and play.


    Palomo: I also performed with Miami Horror that day, which was great. Ben [Plant] and I had worked on their record just a few years prior. The night wound up being a hang with those guys. I’ve been pals with them and the gang for like 12 or 13 years. They’re all homies, but back then the friendship was still blossoming. I remember we had a fun night on the West Side.

    Guss: I spent the majority of the festival in box office and credential hell.

    Russell: Last on the lineup was Pretty Lights. We were all huge fans of his and we had booked that first show ever with Pretty Lights the year prior. He’s such a unique, great artist and that genre of electronic music we just really love. A little soulful and funky. To see him [cap off] the show and bring that first year to a close was fantastic.

    Guss: What I remember the most is when everything was done, having a drink and relaxing for a minute. I was dead and exhausted, but also had a big sigh of relief. There was also a sense of accomplishment.


    Wolowitz: It was a fun and nerve-wracking experience for a couple of 27-year-olds.


    Once all was said and done, fan feedback was positive and the reviews (aside from gripes about ferry delays) were glowing. In the subsequent decade, Governors Ball has grown into a cultural juggernaut, continually recruiting the biggest names in music. After a COVID-induced pause in 2020, the festival is back this year with headliners such as J Balvin and Billie Eilish.

    Steele: It takes bold people to keep a festival running and growing. Looking at the lineup now, it’s like, wow. It’s out of control. It’s not just that a festival just gets more money and gets bigger acts. It takes people with planning. Festivals that can withstand the storm become institutions. That’s what’s most important; the memories of the music.

    Gillis: I’m a fan of all of these festivals. When the lineups come out, I always look and see who’s playing where. It’s been cool to see the evolution. It’s very cool to see something be able to explode over time and turn into a real force. It’s cool to be a part of and it’s an honor to be chosen to be on the bill.


    Guss: One of the things we did do with the festival moving forward was changing up its identity every year. New logo, new colors, new design, new poster every year. My main claim to fame, I guess, is on the design side. It’s so minor and small, but the giant Gov Ball NYC main stage sign was one of the pieces of design I did. It stood the test of time, while everything has changed over the years.

    While the artist genres and venues may have changed — Gov Ball moved to Randall’s Island in 2012, and this year, it’ll take place in its new home of Citi Field in Queens — the moniker, stemming from the festival’s original location, has stayed the same.

    Russell: The early years were held on Governors Island, hence the name Governors Ball. But in 2012, when we moved venues to Randall’s Island, we discussed whether we should change the name or not. But we had just come off of a successful year one and really started to build the brand, so we decided to stick with it.


    Wolowitz: We also recognized at the times jokingly that some of the teams in sports have changed locations and kept their name. The Minneapolis Lakers made sense in the Land of 10,000 Lakes, but they stuck with it when they moved to Los Angeles.

    Guss: From a personal standpoint, I feel a combination of being super proud of my friends who created this thing, an iconic national festival that I had part in — that alway definitely brings me a sense of pride — [and disbelief]. I can’t believe I went from ripping up manilla envelopes and trying to find credentials to later becoming an integral part on the digital site.

    Gillis: It’s tough to get something going like that, especially in New York, where there’s a lot of other competition for entertainment. It’s cool to see it doing well ten years later.


    Palomo: A lot of their success is the curation. You have some pretty clued-in people who know who’s going to be a draw. For a band, you’re either growing or shrinking. As far as festivals are concerned, it’s always going to be on a year-by-year basis. The fact they had ten years of just success is pretty rad.

    Steele: I think it feels more like 20 years ago than 10.

    Palomo: It grew pretty organically, and I think it was the positive reviews that allowed them the opportunity to [do so] exponentially. I didn’t come back for four or five years. I remember playing there the year Kanye was headlining, and it was just massive. It’s insane how much it had grown and how many people were in attendance.

    Guss: Every time I’m at the festival and see that main stage sign lit up in front of 60 or 100,000 people, it definitely brings a smile to my face.


    Statue of Liberty

    Atmosphere at Governors Ball in 2011 (Alex “AROC” Rochestie/TV Free Media & Founders Entertainment)

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